As a student, he served as one of the Harvard Law School's first librarians. Soon after, he became Dean of the Law Faculty, succeeding Theophilus Parsonsto whose Treatise on the Law of Contracts he had contributed as a student. Langdell resigned the deanship inin became Dane Professor Emeritus, and on July 6, died in Cambridge.
Christopher Columbus Park On the Waterfront: Christopher Columbus Park Jun 24, Designed in the mids by Sasaki Associates, this revolutionary design reclaimed Boston's harbor by commemorating its former industrial past.
What could have been a Christopher columbus evaluation urban renewal project became instead one of Christopher columbus evaluation earliest waterfront parks of the modern era - and one that established a national design standard. Today, the future of this park is uncertain.
After several years of neglect, a new landscape plan has been proposed which sweeps away nearly all the elements of the original design. Unfortunately, the new work displays no commitment to the historic significance of this pioneering urban revitalization project.
History In the s, the Boston's downtown waterfront was no longer the vital focus of the city's economic activity as it had been for more than two centuries. Its massive 19th century granite wharf buildings, symbols of strength and prosperity, were underutilized and derelict. The elevated Central Artery divided the Waterfront from the rest of the downtown.
The water's edge between Long and Commercial wharves the future site of Waterfront Park was walled off by chain link fence and rows of tin warehouses, with four lanes of traffic on Atlantic Avenue. Like many other cities, Boston had ignored its waterfront. As part of urban renewal planning, a civic design group convened by the Boston Redevelopment Authority BRA envisioned a concept for a "Walk to the Sea".
This walk extended from the emerging new Government Center to the historic waterfront. While Boston's urban renewal program, one of the first and most dynamic in the country, began in earnest in the s, it was in the s that waterfront revitalization matured. The s were a significant period in Boston's history.
There was renewed interest by both the public and private sectors in restoring the city, particularly the abandoned waterfront. The innovative New England Aquarium was a lively waterfront destination. Alternatives were explored for restoring the nearby s Quincy Market buildings, adjacent to the new City Hall in Government Center.
To complement this private sector initiative, the Mayor and the BRA director committed public funds for a new waterfront park.
To be completed for the Bicentennial, the park would extend the pedestrian spaces of Quincy Market to the waterfront. The "Walk to the Sea" became a reality. InSasaki Associates was selected to plan and design this new waterfront park.
Boston's design process spanned many months and involved consultation, collaboration and reviews with the community, the BRA, various City departments including Parks and Recreation and Public Works, and noted historians.
The design of the park expressed client and community input, combined with the Sasaki firm's technical evaluation of soils and subgrade utility conditions.
They were mindful of the historic lines and grades of the 19th century site the park was sited on filled land that had once been part of the harbor. Two years later, in July ofthousands watched from the newly dedicated Waterfront Park as the "Tall Ships" paraded into Boston Harbor.
The new park along with the opening of Quincy Market helped serve as a catalyst for further waterfront development and was the foundation for a commitment to increasing public access all along the inner harbor.
It has triggered millions of dollars in private investment and many new miles of walkways and public spaces along the water's edge. At its peak, it was a prime location for public events of all kinds. But far beyond its local impact, Boston Waterfront Park served as a model for other cities that sought to take a new direction in urban planning and policy following the "urban renewal" that tore entire older neighborhoods down rather than embracing them.
Ina writer for the Waterfront Center in Washington, DC, noted that the "details used here are well chosen: The granite, brick, cobblestone, and wood features are both rugged and handsome, reflecting the area's early days as a prosperous port The park was recently awarded an American Society of Landscape Architect's Medallion, one of only thirteen from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in celebration of the profession's centennial in What makes the park particularly significant is that it is an exemplar of design within the physical and historic context of its site.
This approach is a hallmark of the Sasaki firm's design philosophy; more importantly, it is representative of the challenge that faced many architects and landscape architects in the s as they explored ways to design new spaces and places in an era of rapid urban change.
The challenge in cities around the nation was to create new spaces that acknowledged their historic setting, answered the needs of the community, and expressed their own creativity at the same time.
Boston Waterfront Park successfully met that challenge. Few public spaces have had the impact that Boston Waterfront Park did when it opened in Recalling as it does Boston's long maritime history, the park continues to be a source of pride, a gathering place for people from Boston's neighborhood, downtown office workers and visitors to this historic city.
Its neglect has been regrettable, but its loss would be inexcusable.About Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus was the first European in the modern era to cross the Atlantic Ocean and reach the Americas, although his objective was actually to find a new trade route to Asia and the East Indies and he was unaware of the significance of his expeditions at the time.
Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria! This great sailor and navigator crossed the ocean blue, and into the New World. But the relationship between the explorer and the natives is troubling. Christopher Columbus and the Age of Exploration for Kids: With 21 Activities (For Kids series) [Ronald A.
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After reading articles on both Christopher Columbus and Vasco da Gama, you and your partner will write an essay that answers the question "Christopher Columbus or Vasco da Gama, which explorer had the greatest impact on expanding global trade and .
christopher columbus elem school grades ela assessment data The grades English Language Arts (ELA) and mathematics assessments measure the Common Core Learning Standards that were adopted by the State Board of Regents in , which more accurately reflect students' progress toward college and career readiness.
Timothy D. Girard, MD, MSCI Assistant Professor of Medicine. Timothy D. Girard, MD, MSCI is an Associate Professor of Critical Care Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and investigator in the Clinical Research, Investigation, and Systems Modeling of .