Despite that range, it is possible to discuss some common threads, beginning with Africa as a predominantly agricultural continent where between 65 and 80 percent of African women are engaged in cultivating food for their families.
Great achievements in science and technology in ancient Africa By Sydella Blatch Despite suffering through the horrific system of slavery, sharecropping and the Jim Crow era, early African-Americans made countless contributions to science and technology 1.
This lineage and culture of achievement, though, emerged at least 40, years ago in Africa. Unfortunately, few of us are aware of these accomplishments, as the history of Africa, beyond ancient Egypt, is seldom publicized. Sadly, the vast majority of discussions on the origins of science include only the Greeks, Romans and other whites.
But in fact most of their discoveries came thousands of years after African developments. While the remarkable black civilization in Egypt remains alluring, there was sophistication and impressive inventions throughout ancient sub-Saharan Africa as well.
There are just a handful of scholars in this area. Here, I attempt to send an electrical impulse to this long-deadened nerve. I can only fly by this vast plane of achievements. Despite this, it still should be evident that the ancient people of Africa, like so many other ancients of the world, definitely had their genius.
Math Surely only a few of us know that many modern high-school-level concepts in mathematics first were developed in Africa, as was the first method of counting. More than 35, years ago, Egyptians scripted textbooks about math that included division and multiplication of fractions and geometric formulas to calculate the area and volume of shapes 3.
Distances and angles were calculated, algebraic equations were solved and mathematically based predictions were made of the size of floods of the Nile. Eight thousand years ago, people in present-day Zaire developed their own numeration system, as did Yoruba people in what is now Nigeria.
The Yoruba system was based on units of 20 instead of 10 and required an impressive amount of subtraction to identify different numbers. Scholars have lauded this system, as it required much abstract reasoning 4. Astronomy Several ancient African cultures birthed discoveries in astronomy.
Many of these are foundations on which we still rely, and some were so advanced that their mode of discovery still cannot be understood.
Egyptians charted the movement of the sun and constellations and the cycles of the moon.
Clocks were made with moving water and sundial-like clocks were used 3. A structure known as the African Stonehenge in present-day Kenya constructed around B.
The Dogon people of Mali amassed a wealth of detailed astronomical observations 6.Over 50 years of his life was devoted to documenting the role of African personalities in world history. His two-volume work, World's Great Men of Color, is a pioneer work in the field.
Among the present-day scholars writing about African history, culture and politics, Dr. Yosef ben-Jochannan's books are the most challenging.
Illustration courtesy of the Department of History, Howard University (*) excerpted with permission from the Howard University History Department. Michael Williams, 'The relations of environmental history and historical geography', Journal of Historical Geography, 20 (), 3– William Cronon, Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West (New York, ).
While reading Things Fall Apart, students should reflect on the proverb and ask themselves in what ways Achebe's novel subverts the themes and techniques of colonial writing and constitutes a different story or counter-narrative to the European texts.
Ask the class to note the ways in which Achebe represents African culture and the African . Introduction. African women’s history embraces a wide variety of societies in more than fifty countries with different geographies, social customs, religions, and historical situations.
Is the role of geography different in Africa than in the Near East or other regions you have studied? Explain.