But the essay is much more than a mere review. It is a critical document of much value and significance.
The Metaphysical Poets by T. But the essay is much more than a mere review; it is Eliots essay on metaphysical poets critical document of much value and significance. It is one of the most significant critical documents of the modern age.
It has brought about a revaluation and reassessment of interest in these poets who had been neglected for a considerable time. Eliot has thrown new light on the metaphysical poets, and shown that they are neither quaint nor fantastic, but great and mature poets.
They do not represent a digression from the mainstream of English poetry, but rather a continuation of it. First, there is the elaboration of a simile to the farthest possible extent, to be met with frequently in the poetry of Donne and Cowley.
Secondly, there is the device of the development of an image by rapid association of thought requiring considerable agility on the part of the reader that is a technique of compression.
Thirdly, the Metaphysicals produce their effects by sudden contrasts. But such telescoping of images and contrasts of associations are not a characteristic of the poetry of Donne one.
This suggests that Done, Cowley and others belong to the Elizabethan tradition and not to any school. Eliot then takes up Dr. The force of Dr. They could not unite them of fuse them into a single whole, however this is not a fact.
A number of poets of this school have eminently succeeded in uniting heterogeneous ideas.
Eliot quotes from Herbert, Cowley, Bishop King and other poets in supports of his contention. Therefore, he concludes that Metaphysical poetry cannot be differentiated from other poetry by Dr. The fault, which Dr. Johnson points out, is not there, and the unity of heterogeneous ideas is common to all poetry.
Johnson has failed to see that they could also unite into new wholes the concepts they had analyzed.
Eliot shows that their special virtue was the fusion of heterogeneous material into a new unity after dissociation. The great Elizabethans and early Jacobians had a developed unified sensibility which is expressed in their poetry.
He means much more than that. The Elizabethans had such a sensibility. They were widely read, they thought on what they read, and their thinking and learning modified their mode of feeling. Eliot gives concrete illustration to show that such unification of sensibility, such fusion of thought and feeling, is to be found in the poetry of Done and other Metaphysical poets, but it is lacking in the poetry of Tennyson, Browning and the Romantic Poets.
After Donne and Herbert, a change came over English poetry. The poets lost the capacity of uniting thought and feeling. After that the poets can either think or they can feel; there are either intellectual poets who can only think, or there are poets who can only feel. The poets of the 18th century were intellectuals, they thought but did not feel; the romantics of the 19th century felt but did not think.
Tennyson and Browning can merely reflect or ruminate, i. A thought to Donne was an experience; it modified his sensibility.Ts eliot essay the metaphysical poets.
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Feb 20, · If anyone knows of a URL for T. S. Eliot's essay on the "Metaphysical Poets", or if anyone has a copy he can send me somehow, please either post.
There is nothing in these lines (with the possible exception of the stars, a simile not at once grasped, but lovely and justified) which fits Johnson's general observations on the metaphysical poets in his essay on Cowley. T. S. Eliot - Poet - Born in Missouri on September 26, , T.
S. Eliot is the author of The Waste Land, As a poet, he transmuted his affinity for the English metaphysical poets of the seventeenth century (most notably John Donne) and the nineteenth century French symbolist poets. ‘The Metaphysical Poets’ It is to be observed that the language of these poets is as a rule simple and pure; in the verse of George Herbert this simplicity is carried as far as it can go – a simplicity emulated without success by numerous modern poets.