Knowing that a majority of my income would likely not come from my booksI focused on seeking editing work.
By Susan Gaidos Nov. A clinician and expert on herb-drug interactions, Fugh-Berman thought the information could be useful to clinicians who prescribe warfarin as an anticoagulant. A few months later, a finished manuscript arrived on her desk.
All she needed to do was read and approve it. She was intrigued and more than a little suspicious. She did a little research and learned that the company was working on a related ghostwriting activities that had not yet come up for approval by the U.
Food and Drug Administration. By planting this paper in the medical literature, the company was preparing for the approval process by highlighting in the medical literature the deficiencies of the best-selling generic that the new drug would compete with.
But the event helped bring to light the role that ghostwriters, and the ghostwriting activities companies MECs that employ them, have played -- and continue to play -- in shaping the medical-science literature. The event initiated a dialogue on the topic in the community of peer-reviewed journal editors and led to guidelines on dealing with ghostwritten articles that are now embraced by many -- though not all -- scientific journals.
Haunting the literature Ghost authorship occurs when an unacknowledged author writes, or makes substantial contributions to, an article published in the peer-reviewed science literature.
Typically, the author is a professional writer with scientific expertise, hired by medical-education and communications companies.
These articles are destined to appear under the names of scientists who contribute little to their writing. They are backed by for-profit companies -- often pharmaceutical companies -- which, like most scientific authors but for different reasons, hope to influence scientific opinion. Such activities skew the medical literature by injecting a marketing spin that benefits the sponsor, Fugh-Berman says.
The cynical injection of marketing messages into the scientific literature sounds outrageous, but abuses common in academic publishing set the stage. When a lab chief insists on being an author for every article emerging from his lab, or when a prominent scientist is invited to be an "honorary author" on a paper to boost prestige, lines that should be bright become fuzzy, Fugh-Berman says.
The selected author often has some connection to the sponsoring company, but not always. A physician may be paid as a consultant researcher or speaker, for example.
The company had researchers sign the papers to make it look like they were written independently. Published in medical journals between andthe articles detailed the benefits of the therapy while minimizing its risks. Fugh-Berman is serving as an expert witness for the plaintiffs in a lawsuit brought by patients against the company.
Martha Gerrity Gerrity, who served as co-editor of the Journal of General Internal Medicine from towas sorting through manuscripts when that herb-warfarin review was submitted. Noting that the article would need some revisions, she passed it on to a deputy editor, who sent it to Fugh-Berman for review.
Fugh-Berman says review articles are also popular because busy physicians rely on experts to synthesize the medical literature and provide a clinically relevant summary.
And those surveys reveal the percentage of only the people who admit to working with an unacknowledged writer, Fugh-Berman says; the practice of ghostwriting likely stretches far beyond these high-profile cases.
So we have no idea how many articles are ghostwritten. After that, Gerrity and her co-editor, William Tierney of the Indiana University School of Medicine, began scrutinizing manuscripts that came across their desks. They sent notices to authors informing them that anyone who had contributed to the writing of a manuscript must be listed as an author.A ghostwriter is hired to write literary or journalistic works, speeches, or other texts that are officially credited to another person as the regardbouddhiste.comities, executives, participants in timely news stories, and political leaders often hire ghostwriters to draft or edit autobiographies, memoirs, magazine articles, or other written regardbouddhiste.com music, ghostwriters are often used to write.
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Ghostwriting services by a professional ghostwriter, author Jerry Payne, is expert. Ghostwriting LLC is a well-respected firm in the ghostwriting industry and a significant number of our clients have secured lucrative deals with prominent publishing houses. Whether it’s a memoir, sci-fi novel or a business book our comprehensive writing services ensure that your book is a stand out and is available for your readers.
Ghostwriting is one of the most controversial and divisive issues of ethics when it comes to plagiarism and attribution. It’s an activity that is widely accepted in some arenas and seen a as a grave ethical misstep in others.
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