Farms and plantations were burned down and their crops destroyed. Also, many people had Confederate money which was now worthless and the local governments were in disarray. The South needed to be rebuilt.
Little Rock, Arkansas, April 20, Chinese white on green paper. Published in Harper's Weekly, May 19, Prints and Photographs Division. Colored Troops returned home at the end of the Civil War.
The victorious soldiers are joyously greeted by women and children. One such group, originally from Kentucky, established the community of Nicodemus in in Graham County on the high, arid plains of northwestern Kansas.
However, because of several crop failures and resentment from the county's white settlers, all but a few homesteaders abandoned their claims. A rising population of in had declined to less than by Standard Atlas of Graham Co. Geography and Map Division. Their impressive determination in an area with few good natural resou rces has resulted in the only surviving all-black community in Kansas.
Index of families in Nicodemus. The Nicodemus Town Company was incorporated in by six black and two white Kansans. It was the oldest of about twenty towns established predominately for blacks in the West.
After the Civil War there was a general exodus of blacks from the South. These migrants became known as "Exodusters" and the migration became known as the "Exoduster" movement. Some applied to be part of colonization projects to Liberia and locations outside the United States; others were willing to move north and west.
Nashville, Tennessee, March 18, The Reconstruction implemented by Congress, which lasted from to , was aimed at reorganizing the Southern states after the Civil War, providing the means for readmitting them into the Union, and defining the means by which whites and blacks could live together in a nonslave society.
With the overthrow of biracial state governments in the South and the withdrawal of the last federal troops from the region by President Rutherford B. Hayes in , the era of the Civil War and Reconstruction came to an end.
But conflict continued in the arena of historical interpretation and public memory. Reconstruction After the war, the federal government pursued a program of political, social, and economic restructuring across the South-including an attempt .
The Civil War in Four Minutes: Reconstruction. Civil War Trust. Caitlin Verboon discusses the difficulties that a divided nation faced after the conclusion of the Civil War and the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.
More Videos. Lincoln's Last Days.
The rebuilding of the South after the Civil War is called the Reconstruction. The Reconstruction lasted from to The purpose of the Reconstruction was to help the South become a . Reconstruction After the war, the federal government pursued a program of political, social, and economic restructuring across the South-including an attempt .