Synopsis[ edit ] The book is in four sections:
The Internet Journal of Preventive Medicine. This article reviews the antecedents leading up to the event, the role of the US Army in detecting Ebola and deploying a veterinary containment team and subsequent events since the initial outbreak.
Reston sits on land initially owned during the 18 th Century by Lord Fairfax. InRobert E. Reston, an architectural dream, was the first modern, post-war planned community in the United States, sparking a revival of the new town concept that incorporated higher density housing to conserve open space, as well as promoting the mixed use of industry, business, housing, recreation and schools1.
The careful planning and zoning within Reston provided common grounds, parks, large swaths of wooded areas with picturesque runs, wildflower meadows, golf courses, public swimming pools, bridle paths, a bike trail, lakes, tennis courts and extensive foot pathways The first time I visited Reston in earlyit took me nearly an hour and a half by bus from the District of Columbia to make the 10 mile trip on the Virginia side of the George Washington Parkway down a stretch of Interstate into Tysons Corner, then onto Leesburg Pike to Reston.
Today the trip is much less time consuming due to new roads and access and a metro train rail currently under construction.
Several years later I moved to Reston with my family. Reston was now coming into its own during the s economic boom. Daily a new building seemed to materialize. As tenants moved in, older business parks often converted to more mundane uses.
ByReston monkey house Newton Square consisted of approximately Reston monkey house brick and concrete small office buildings that housed an aerobics spa, police station, nail care salon, software firm and a diner.
Byapproximately 48, people resided in the community when Hazelton Research Products leased a structure at Isaac Newton Square West. Across the street, on Roger Bacon Drive, stood my offices. The Emergence Of Nonhuman Primate Quarantining The quarantining of monkeys in the US began in the s and s as increased numbers of nonhuman primates were imported to support disease research.
Because many animals were caught in the African and Asian wilderness, there was potential for an animal or a group of animals to bring in new diseases that could pose a health threat to both humans and animals. During the s and early s, a number of African species were imported for infectious disease research including baboons, Vervets and Patas monkeys6.
At the same time, Asian species, predominantly macaques, also began being imported6. Several disease outbreaks occurred among imported Asian macaques which soon led to the recognition that many primate species carry simian hemorrhagic fever.
Simian hemorrhagic fever is caused by Simian hemorrhagic fever virus SHFVwhich is currently classified as an arterivirus in the family Arteriviridae, order Nidovirales. In contrast to its closest relatives, the arterviruses equine arteritis virus, lactate dehydrogenase-elevating virus, and porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus, SHFV is almost completely uncharacterized.
Thus far, SHFV has never been isolated from wild animals and all outbreaks have occurred within primate-holding facilities7, 8. Until the s, the length of quarantine varied from 40 to 90 days.
The requirement for having three negative tuberculosis TB skin tests two weeks apart— at the beginning, midpoint, and end of the quarantine— required that most units quarantine monkeys for a 31 day period of isolation and observation. In addition to allowing time for serological or skin tests, this time period also allowed for the observation of any disease that might develop6.
The importation in of African green monkeys from Uganda to a laboratory in Marburg, Germany, resulted in the transmission of a previously unrecognized virus. A filovirus, this virus causes severe hemorrhagic fever both in humans and nonhuman primates The discovery of this first filovirus occurred after a number of laboratory workers in Germany and Yugoslavia who had handled green monkey tissues developed hemorrhagic fever.
Thirty-one cases, including seven deaths, were associated with these outbreaks. Hence, the virus was named Marburg, after the city in which one of the outbreaks took place. It did not reemerge untilwhen another case occurred in Johannesburg.
Since then, there have been sporadic cases of Marburg hemorrhagic fever until two outbreaks killed about people in the Democratic Republic of Congo between and and fatalities occurred in Uganda in Because of the Marburg incident, as well as concerns about the risks of other potential zoonotic agents, the USPHS was prompted to consider a national quarantine program.
Regulations enacted in required that all primates imported into the US must be quarantined for 30 days to ensure that they are disease free6. The Ferlite Scientific Research, Inc. After monkeys were captured in the wild, they were taken to Ferlite Farms which used open cages at their holding facilities; soon thereafter they were moved to individual cages.The Hot Zone: A Terrifying True "The Monkey House" chronicles the discovery of Reston virus among imported monkeys in Reston, Virginia, and the following actions taken by the U.S.
Army and Centers for Disease Control. It starts with the monkey house receiving a shipment of wild monkeys. In Reston, Virginia, less than fifteen miles. The monkey house, officially known as the Reston Primate Quarantine Unit, is owned by Hazelton Research Products, a company that coordinates the import and sale of laboratory animals.
Despite its status as a level-4 organism, Reston virus is non-pathogenic to humans, though hazardous to monkeys; the perception of its lethality was compounded by the monkey's coinfection with Simian hemorrhagic fever virus (SHFV). Reston Association is offering bus tours of Reston's most interesting places. Newcomers to our area have a choice of registering for a morning or afternoon guided tour. Participants will be invited to The Lake House for refreshments. Introduction. It was called the “Monkey House,” a small stand-alone building located in one of the first office parks constructed in Reston, Virginia.
On October 4, the facility receives a shipment of wild monkeys from the Philippines. The Monkey House Had Been Sterilized. Ebola Had Met Oppositon. For a short while until life could re-establish itself there, the Reston Primate Quarantine Unit was the only building in the world where nothing lived, nothing at all.
The Monkey House building in Reston was torn down sometime between , and later became the building my mom worked in, AWI. About 3 days before the building was torn down there was a fence around it, but before that there was nothing. Ebola Reston is named for the strain that swept through a primate facility in Reston, Va., in That epidemic, resulting in the destruction of a large monkey colony, was the subject of the.
Despite its status as a level-4 organism, Reston virus is non-pathogenic to humans, though hazardous to monkeys; the perception of its lethality was compounded by the monkey's coinfection with Simian hemorrhagic fever virus (SHFV).