The South and the Politics of Slavery: Louisiana State University Press, Cooper regards national social, economic, and financial questions as relatively unimportant in relation to the politics of the Jacksonian South xii. Although the specific issues changed over time, the slavery issue remained central to antebellum Southern politics.
Reconstruction in Practice Slavery, the Economy, and Society At the time of the American revolution, slavery was a national institution; although the number of slaves was small, they lived and worked in every colony.
Even before the Constitution was ratified, however, states in the North were either abolishing slavery outright or passing laws providing for gradual emancipation. The nationwide distribution of slaves also changed during this time span.
Byit had significantly expanded into the Deep South, particularly Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas, following the spread of cotton production. Had slavery somehow ceased during that expansion, it would have been impossible for the South to meet the worldwide demand for its products.
The introduction of the cotton gin resolved this problem and made the use of large numbers of field hands to work the crop economical. The principal source of slaves for the Cotton Kingdom was the Upper South, which included the states traditionally considered to be border states—Delaware, Maryland, and Kentucky—as well as Missouri, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas.
Agriculture in this part of the South was diversifying, and although tobacco and rice remained staple cash crops, more and more acreage was being devoted to wheat, corn, rye, and oats for local consumption.
Half of the country's corn was grown in the South.
These cereal grains were not as labor intensive as cotton or tobacco, and planters in the region were finding themselves with more slaves than they needed.
Alexandria, Virginia, became a major center of the internal slave trade, and according to one estimate, three hundred thousand slaves were sold from there into the Deep South in the two decades before the Civil War.
Slavery as an economic institution.
A small percentage of slaves were domestic servants, working in a planter's main house as cooks, nursemaids, seamstresses, and coachmen. An even smaller percentage worked as laborers or craftsmen—carpenters, masons, and blacksmiths.
But the overwhelming majority of slaves were field hands, picking cotton and planting and harvesting rice, tobacco, and sugar cane. The occupational distribution of slaves reflected the nature of the economy and society of the South, a region that was agricultural and rural with very little industrialization and urbanization compared to the North.
Irrespective of the jobs that slaves did, slavery on the whole was profitable. The expense to planters for housing, clothing, and feeding slaves was considerably less than the value they produced. Estimates vary, but expenses associated with the maintenance of one field hand were probably half the value of the revenue the master received from the slave's labor.
Profitability increased steadily in the first half of the nineteenth century, as prices for cash crops rose and the cost of keeping slaves remained level. The slaves themselves became a good investment. As cotton production expanded and the demand for slaves increased, their prices rose accordingly.
The enterprising slave owner bought and sold slaves for an additional source of income.
The image of the South as a place where plantation adjoined plantation and the entire white population owned slaves is a myth.The South and the Politics of Slavery: By William J. Cooper, Jr. (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, ), Pp. William Cooper originally intended to write a history of the democratic party, but ended his project by turning his attention to the question of the role of slavery in southern politics.
Slavery in the United States. Black slaves played a major, though unwilling and generally unrewarded, role in laying the economic foundations of the United States—especially in the regardbouddhiste.com also played a leading role in the development of Southern speech, folklore, music, dancing, and food, blending the cultural traits of their African homelands with those of Europe.
Slavery in the United States was the legal institution of human chattel enslavement, primarily of Africans and African Americans, that existed in the United States of America in the 18th and 19th centuries. Catholic Church and slavery The issue of slavery was one that was historically treated with concern by the Catholic Church.
Throughout most of human history, slavery has been practiced and accepted by many cultures and religions around the world. the role of slavery The institution of slavery is not a recent phenomenon.
Most civilizations have practiced some form of human bondage and servitude, and African empires were no different ([link]).
Slavery played the central role during the American Civil War. The primary catalyst for secession was slavery, especially Southern political leaders' resistance to attempts by Northern antislavery political forces to block the expansion of slavery into the western territories.