Platonic arguments for the immortality of the soul PHIL Jeff Speaks November 28, Plato is the classical source of philosophical arguments for the immortality of the soul. We will discuss empirical and religious arguments later. The line between these is not always sharp.
Socrates had been condemned to commit suicide by drinking hemlock, and a number of his friends and fellow philosophers had gathered to spend his last hours with him. Phaedo explains that among those present with him were Crito and two Pythagorean philosophers, Simmias and Cebes.
The purpose of the philosophical life is to free the soul from the needs of the body.
Since the moment of death is the final separation of soul and body, a philosopher should see it as the realization of his aim. Unlike the body, the soul is immortal, so it will survive death.
Socrates provides four arguments for believing the soul is immortal. He bases the first, known as the Argument from Opposites, on the observation that everything comes to be from out of its opposite.
For example, a tall man can become tall only if he was short previously. Since life and death are opposites, we can reason analogously that, just as the living become dead, so the dead must become living.
Life and death are in a perpetual cycle such that death cannot be a permanent end. The second argument, known as the Theory of Recollection, asserts that learning is essentially an act of recollecting things we knew before we were born but then forgot.
True knowledge, argues Socrates, is knowledge of the eternal and unchanging Forms that underlie perceptible reality. For example, we are able to perceive that two sticks are equal in length but unequal in width only because we have an innate understanding of the Form of Equality.
That is, we have an innate understanding of what it means for something to be equal even though no two things we encounter in experience are themselves perfectly equal. Since we can grasp this Form of Equality even though we never encounter it in experience, our grasping of it must be a recollection of immortal knowledge we had and forgot prior to birth.
The third argument, known as the Argument from Affinity, distinguishes between those things that are immaterial, invisible, and immortal, and those things that are material, visible, and perishable.
The soul belongs to the former category and the body to the latter. The soul, then, is immortal, although this immortality may take very different forms.THE DISTINCTION BETWEEN THE SOUL AND BODY.
There is a metaphysical distinction between the essences/natures/forms of things and material things. The material things that we apprehend by the senses exists in space and regardbouddhiste.com the immortality -- say a view that when I die the ‘life force’ in me becomes absorbed in the life.
In severing the deeply entrenched, Greek ordinary-language connection between soul and life in all its forms, the Stoic theory is taking an enormously momentous step, one that obviously restricts rather dramatically the proper subject matter of a theory of soul.
Plato’s Concept of the Soul and its Relationship with the Body Words | 3 Pages. Plato’s Concept of the Soul and its Relationship with the Body Plato’s theory of the body and soul originated from his earlier theories and dialogs, ‘the analogy of the cave’ and ‘the theory of forms’.
Plato's Concept of the Body and Soul Distinction A:Plato believed that humans could be broken down into 3 parts: the body, the mind and the soul.
Plato’s Concept of the Soul and its Relationship with the Body Plato’s theory of the body and soul originated from his earlier theories and dialogs, ‘the analogy of the cave’ and ‘the.
“The Final Proof of the Immortality of the Soul in Plato’s Phaedo aa.” Phronesis 23 () A defense of Plato’s argument and examination of its underlying assumptions regarding the soul. Plato’s Immortality of the Soul. Much of Plato’s views on the soul’s immortality can be found in his Republic.
Socrates distinguishes between the world of change and the world of forms. He sees the soul as belonging to the world of forms arguing that it is invisible, reflective and naturally rules the body.