Harvard University Press, KuppermanProvidence Island, —
Etymology[ edit ] Pequot is an Algonquian word, the meaning of which is disputed among language specialists. This relies on speculations of an early twentieth-century authority on Algonquian languages. However, Frank Speck had doubts; he was a leading early 20th-century specialist of Pequot-Mohegan.
He believed that another term meaning "the shallowness of a body of water" seemed much more plausible, given the Pequot's territory along the coast of Long Island Sound.
William Hubbard, who claimed in that the Pequot had invaded the region some time before the establishment of Plymouth Colonyrather than originating in the region. Hubbard described the Pequot as "foreigners" to the region; not invaders from another shore, but "from the interior of the continent," who "by force seized upon one of the goodliest places near the sea, and became a Terror to all their Neighbors.
They occupied the coastal area between the Niantic tribe of the Niantic River of present-day Connecticut and the Wecapaug River; and the Narragansett in what is now western Rhode Island. The Pequot numbered some 16, persons in the most densely inhabited portion of southern New England.
The Dutch seized and executed the principal Pequot sachem Tatobem because of a violation of an agreement. After the Pequot paid the Dutch a large ransom, they returned Tatobem's body.
His successor was Sassacus. Inan epidemic devastated all of the region's Native population. At the outbreak of the Pequot WarPequot survivors may have numbered only about 3, Pequot War Inlongstanding tensions between the Connecticut and Massachusetts Bay colonies and the Pequot tribe escalated into open warfare when the tribe killed a colonist.
The Mohegan and the Narragansett tribes sided with the colonists. Perhaps 1, Pequot warriors were killed in battles or hunted down, others were captured and distributed as slaves or household servants. A few escaped to be absorbed by the Mohawks or the Niantics on Long Island.
Eventually, some returned to their traditional lands, where family groups of "friendly" Pequots had stayed. Of those enslaved, most were awarded to the allied tribes, but many were also sold as slaves in Bermuda.
Modern history[ edit ] By the census, the Pequot population was enumerated at a low of 66,  and they reached their lowest number several decades later.
Pequot numbers grew significantly during the s and s, especially the Mashantucket Pequot tribe which opened a casino in the same timeframe, and tribal chairman Richard A.
Hayward encouraged them to return to their tribal homeland. He worked for Federal recognition and economic development. Revenue from the casino has enabled development and construction of a cultural museum which opened on August 11, on the Mashantucket Pequot Reservation where many members of the tribe continue to live.
The Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation was recognized in Since the s, both Pequot tribes had serious tension over racial issues, with some people claiming that darker-skinned descendants should not be considered fully Pequot. Two groups of Eastern Pequots filed petitions for recognition with the BIA, and they agreed to unite to achieve recognition.
The state immediately challenged the decision and, inthe Department of the Interior revoked recognition for them. That same year, it revoked recognition for the Schaghticoke tribe who had gained recognition in The Connecticut state government and Congressional delegation opposed the BIA's recognition because local residents were worried that the newly recognized tribes would establish gaming casinos.
Nearly all individuals who are identified as Pequot live in the two above-named communities. They are multi-racial but identify as Pequot. No members of the tribe have solely full-blooded Pequot ancestry.
Language[ edit ] Cover of Bible translated into the Wampanoag language Historically, the Pequots spoke a dialect of the Mohegan-Pequot languagean Eastern Algonquian language.Edited by Alden T.
Vaughan, New England Encounters: Indians and Euroamericans, ca. - , is a collection of essays written by various authors and culled from the journal The New England Quarterly: A Historical Review of New England Life and Letters.
Pequot War Conflict between an alliance of Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth colonies, with American Indian allies (the Narragansett, and Mohegan Indians), against the Pequot Indians. This war saw the elimination of the Pequot in New England, and is exemplary of the Puritan use of genocide towards Native Americans.
The Pequot (/ ˈ p iː k w ɒ t /) are American Indian people of the state of regardbouddhiste.com Pequots are members of the federally recognized Mashantucket Pequot Tribe, four other state-recognized groups in Connecticut, and the Brothertown Indians of Wisconsin.
They historically spoke Pequot, a dialect of the Mohegan-Pequot language which became extinct by the early 20th century, though. Pequot War, war fought in –37 by the Pequot people against a coalition of English settlers from the Massachusetts Bay, Connecticut, and Saybrook colonies and their Native American allies (including the Narragansett and Mohegan) that eliminated the Pequot as an impediment to English colonization of southern New England.
The Pequot (/ ˈ p iː k w ɒ t /) are American Indian people of the state of regardbouddhiste.com Pequots are members of the federally recognized Mashantucket Pequot Tribe, four other state-recognized groups in Connecticut, and the Brothertown Indians of Wisconsin. They historically spoke Pequot, a dialect of the Mohegan-Pequot language which became extinct by the early 20th century, though.
THE REAL STORY OF THANKSGIVING. by Susan Bates. Most of us associate the holiday with happy Pilgrims and Indians sitting down to a big feast. And that did happen - once. The story began in when a band of English explorers sailed home to England with a ship full of Patuxet Indians .