Words and phrases to avoid in academic writing

A paper full of spelling mistakes is not conveying a positive image of you.

Words and phrases to avoid in academic writing

How do they know? Is the source reliable? What was the experience? How does it demonstrate this? Can they be trusted?

See "Popular wisdom" above, and "It is known that" below "It is known that Are they French plus German? Or American English plus British English? A study of Wikipedia found that most weasel words in it could be divided into three main categories: Use of vague or ambiguous euphemisms Use of grammatical devices such as qualifiers and the subjunctive mood Glittering or vague generalizations Generalizing by means of quantifierssuch as many, when quantifiable measures could be provided, obfuscates the point being made, and if done deliberately is an example of "weaseling".

Non sequitur, where illogical or irrelevant statements can be used, such as in advertising, can make it appear that the statement describes a beneficial feature of a product or service being advertised.

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An example is the endorsement of products by celebrities, regardless of whether they have any expertise relating to the product. In non sequitur fashion, it does not follow that the endorsement provides any guarantee of quality or suitability. False authority is defined as the use of the passive voice without specifying an actor or agent.

For example, saying "it has been decided" without stating by whom, and citation of unidentified "authorities" or "experts", provide further scope for weaseling.

It can be used in combination with the reverse approach of discrediting a contrary viewpoint by glossing it as "claimed" or "alleged".

This embraces what is termed a "semantic cop-out ", represented by the term allegedly. The construction "mistakes were made" enables the speaker to acknowledge error without identifying those responsible.

However, the passive voice is legitimately used when the identity of the actor or agent is irrelevant. For example, in the sentence "one hundred votes are required to pass the bill", there is no ambiguity, and the actors including the members of the voting community cannot practicably be named even if it were useful to do so.

For an experimental result to be useful, anyone who runs the experiment should get the same result. That is, the identity of the experimenter should be of low importance. Use of the passive voice focuses attention upon the actions, and not upon the actor—the author of the article.

Improving Style: Using Transitions

To achieve conciseness and clarity, however, most scientific journals encourage authors to use the active voice where appropriate, identifying themselves as "we" or even "I". Another example from international politics is use of the phrase "the international community" to imply a false unanimity.

Euphemism may be used to soften and potentially mislead the audience. For example, the dismissal of employees may be referred to as "rightsizing", "headcount reduction", and "downsizing".

For example, stating that a product "Hints [PLANNING] - Use the task input to help you plan but try to avoid copying phrases from the input in Part 1.

Table of contents

Use your own words. [INTRODUCTION and CONCLUSION] - Effective introductory and concluding paragraphs. Learn the rules, and the quirks, of English grammar - from parts of speech to punctuation.

With descriptive speech and clear writing you can entertain, persuade, inform and educate. Bar charts.

words and phrases to avoid in academic writing

Advice on how to write an IELTS task 1 report from a bar chart. Identifying patterns in bar charts – a sample report with advice on how to read bar charts and to help you organise your answer. IELTS writing – task 1 – some tips on selecting main details in bar charts – a video tutorial with an exercise on how to select the main details in bar charts.

Better: Flabby Words and Phrases That Rob Writing of Its Power” Also, “Find and ruthlessly remove the following flabby words and phrases from your writing:” is better as “”Find and ruthlessly remove the following flabby words and phrases:” Generally, prepositional phrases are our enemy.

Essay checker – your only way to avoid both grammar check and plagiarized materials with no trouble. Choose our online text editor and get all the help you need. Bear in mind that these guidelines do not apply to text you are directly quoting from your sources (including interviews). Too informal.

Academic writing is generally more formal than the writing we see in non-academic materials (including on websites).

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